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Definition of Terms


Substance Use: Due to the effects on the brain, any substance use following brain injury should be avoided, even if it does not lead to intoxication. Substance use includes the consumption of alcohol, other non-prescribed drugs and/or the misuse of prescribed medications.

Substance Abuse and Dependence: Substance abuse and dependence as used in this manual are consistent with definitions provided in the DSM IV. Substance abuse includes any of the following consequences happening within a year:

  • Failure to fulfill major obligations at home, work or school
  • Engaging in potentially hazardous behavior
  • Legal problems
  • Social or interpersonal problems

Substance dependence has more severe manifestations, particularly signs of physiologic dependence.

Prevention: Activities that motivate a person to choose not to use, or resume use, following brain injury.

Intervention: Activities that facilitate the acceptance of professional help for a substance use problem.

Treatment: Professional services that motivate a person with a substance use problem to consider, achieve and maintain abstinence.

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This website has been funded with financial assistance from Grant #H133A120086 awarded by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) to the Ohio Valley Center for Brain Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation for the current funding period of 10/01/2012 - 09/30/2017.